Ethiopian señala tras el Informe Preliminar que la tripulación siguió procedimientos Boeing aprobados por FAA

NP Ethiopian Airlines/Declaración de Ethiopian Airlines sobre el informe preliminar del accidente en la ET 302

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Addis Abeba, ETI.-  Airlines Aviation Group, el grupo de aviación más grande y más exitoso de África  rentable y de más rápido crecimiento en África, reconoce el trabajo llevado a cabo en el informe preliminar del accidente del vuelo ET 302, que tuvo lugar el 10 de marzo de 2019 y agradece el arduo trabajo del equipo de investigación.

El informe preliminar (al final completo en versión inglesa) muestra claramente que los pilotos de Ethiopian Airlines que comandaban el vuelo ET 302 del pasado 10 de marzo siguieron los procedimientos de emergencia recomendados por Boeing y aprobados por la FAA para manejar la crítica situación de emergencia que tuvo lugar en el avión. Desafortunadamente, a pesar de sus esfuerzos y del pleno cumplimiento de los procedimientos de emergencia, no pudieron rectificar la inclinación del morro del avión.  Continuaremos ofreciendo nuestra total cooperación con el equipo de investigación, que sigue adelante para ofrecer un análisis más detallado.

El presidente del grupo, Tewolde GebreMariam, apunta que “todos los que trabajamos en Ethiopian Airlines seguimos llorando la pérdida de nuestros seres queridos; en este sentido, queremos expresar nuestro más sincero pésame y condolencias a los familiares y amigos de las víctimas. Mientras tanto, estamos muy orgullosos nuestros pilotos, que cumplieron y cumplen con los procedimientos de emergencia y que desempeñan su rol con los más altos estándares de profesionalidad, incluso en situaciones adversas”. GebreMariam se muestra también orgulloso del Global Standard Pilot Training Center y de la Ethiopian Aviation Academy, una de las más grandes y modernas del mundo, equipada con la tecnología de formación y capacitación más novedosa y avanzada”.

“Me gustaría, además, aprovechar esta oportunidad para agradecer a nuestros valiosos clientes, a los viajeros, a los medios de comunicación y a los profesionales de la aviación mundial, por el gran voto de confianza y el firme apoyo que nos han brindado desde el día en que tuvo lugar este trágico accidente”, apunta GebreMariam. “Doblaremos nuestros esfuerzos todos los días para reforzar su confianza y credibilidad: su seguridad seguirá siendo nuestra principal prioridad y continuaremos trabajando, junto con nuestros socios en todo el mundo, para hacer que los viajes aéreos sean más seguros y cómodos”, señaló el CEO de la aerolínea.

“También expresamos nuestro profundo agradecimiento a los 16.000 profesionales y colegas de Ethiopian Airlines, por su espíritu de superación, por sus altos estándares profesionales, y por su continuo compromiso con la excelencia operativa y en la atención al cliente, premiadas a nivel mundial; elementos que nos han permitido seguir adelante con las operaciones sin disrupciones en el servicio, retrasos o cancelaciones”, concluye GebreMariam.

La única comunicación oficial sobre el Informe Preliminar la realiza la Autoridad de la Aviación Civil de Etiopía vía Facebook de forma sucinta:

Preliminary findings on ET 302 crash:

1. Aircraft’s airworthiness was certified;
2. The crew were capable of flying& followed Boeing’s procedures;
3. Take off appeared normal;
4. Crew followed all procedures, but was unable to control the aircraft.

The release of the actual preliminary report by Ethiopia’s Ministry of Transport is expected during Apr 4th or Apr 5th 2019.

In the morning of Mar 11th 2019 (Chinese Time) China’s CAAC released an instruction to all operators to stop using the Boeing 737-8 MAX (editorial note: the instruction does not include the 737-9 MAX series) by Mar 11th 2019 18:00 Chinese time. The CAAC reasoned: “In view of the fact that the two air crashes are newly delivered Boeing 737-8 aircraft (editorial note: see the other crash at Crash: Lion B38M near Jakarta on Oct 29th 2018, aircraft lost height and crashed into Java Sea, wrong AoA data), and they all occur in the take-off phase, they have certain similarities. In line with the management principle of zero tolerance for safety hazards and strict control of safety risks, in order to ensure Flight Safety of Civil Aviation in China, at 9:00 on March 11, the Civil Aviation Administration issued a notice requesting domestic transportation airlines to suspend the commercial operation of the Boeing 737-8 aircraft before 18:00 on March 11, 2019.”

On Mar 11th 2019 a number of airlines, in particular Ethiopian Airlines, decided to stop using their Boeing 737 MAX aircraft until clarification of the causes of the two crashes so far.

On Mar 11th 2019 at 19:42Z the FAA announced: “Today, the FAA will issue a Continued Airworthiness Notification to the International Community (CANIC) for Boeing 737 MAX Operators.” At 22:37Z the FAA released the CANIC for both Boeing 737-8 MAX and 737-9 MAX stating, they continue to monitor pending changes in the MCAS system, AoA Sensor Signal improvements and MCAS maximum command limits as well as training requirements associated with MCAS following their initial reaction to the crash of LionAir JT-610. The FAA states: “External reports are drawing similarities between this accident and the Lion Air Flight 610 accident on October 29, 2018. However, this investigation has just begun and to date we have not been provided data to draw any conclusions or take any actions.”

On Mar 12th 2019 the UK CAA, announced with respect to Boeing 737 MAX: “The UK Civil Aviation Authority has been closely monitoring the situation, however, as we do not currently have sufficient information from the flight data recorder we have, as a precautionary measure, issued instructions to stop any commercial passenger flights from any operator arriving, departing or overflying UK airspace.” The CAA added: “The UK Civil Aviation Authority’s safety directive will be in place until further notice. We remain in close contact with the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and industry regulators globally.” Other European Civil Aviation Authorities, e.g. France and Ireland, followed suit.

On March 12th 2019 at about 17:38Z the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) closed the airspace across Europe for any Boeing MAX operation reasoning: “Following the tragic accident of Ethiopian Airlines flight ET302 involving a Boeing 737 MAX 8, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is taking every step necessary to ensure the safety of passengers. As a precautionary measure, EASA has published today an Airworthiness Directive, effective as of 19:00 UTC, suspending all flight operations of all Boeing Model 737-8 MAX and 737-9 MAX aeroplanes in Europe. In addition EASA has published a Safety Directive, effective as of 19:00 UTC, suspending all commercial flights performed by third-country operators into, within or out of the EU of the above mentioned models.”

On Mar 13th 2019 Canada also restricted the use of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft in Canadian Airspace. The transport minister said: “Following advice from Transport Canada Civil Aviation experts, as a precautionary measure, I am issuing a safety notice to address this issue. This safety notice restricts commercial passenger flights from any air operator, both domestic and foreign, of the Boeing 737 MAX 8 and 9 aircraft – from arriving, departing, or overflying Canadian airspace. … It is too soon to speculate about the cause of the accident in Addis Ababa, and to make direct links to the Lion Air accident in Indonesia in October 2018; however, my department has been closely monitoring the investigations by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority.” In a press conference the Transport Minister stated, that validated satellite tracking data suggest similiarities between the flight profile of ET-302 and the flight profile of Lion Air Flight 610, that crashed before Indonesia in October 2018. The similiarities are not yet conclusive the minister hastened to say.

On Mar 13th 2019 the President of the United States signed an executive order effectively grounding all Boeing 737 MAX aircraft around the globe. Aircraft currently flying is permitted to continue to its destination, thereafter the aircraft will remain on the ground. The President said: “It’s a terrible, terrible thing. Boeing is an incredible company, they are working very hard right now. Hopefully they will very quickly come up with an answer, but until they do the planes are grounded.”

On Mar 13th 2019 the FAA announced shortly after the President had signed the executive order, that they were probibiting Boeing 737 MAX aircraft to operate in US airspace and stated: “On March 13, 2019, the investigation of the ET302 crash developed new information from the wreckage concerning the aircraft’s configuration just after takeoff that, taken together with newly refined data from satellite-based tracking of the aircraft’s flight path, indicates some similarities between the ET302 and JT610 accidents that warrant further investigation of the possibility of a shared cause for the two incidents that needs to be better understood and addressed. Accordingly, the Acting Administrator is ordering all Boeing 737 MAX airplanes to be grounded pending further investigation.” Click here for full document.

(Added Mar 19th 2019): In May 2017 the FAA had released their FAA and Industry Guide to Product Certification, a 105 page document further detailing guidelines of how certification work on aircraft components and aircraft are going to be distributed between the applicant (designer, manufacturer, …) and the FAA. The FAA reasoned: “This revision of The FAA and Industry Guide to Product Certification (hereinafter referred to as “the Guide”) incorporates changes based on lessons learned and the most recent policy and guidance published by FAA. It also encourages the broader and more consistent use of the principles and expected operating norms for efficient design approval processes consisting of TC, STC, TSOA, and Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA). But this edition goes further in establishing the principles and guidance for how an Applicant and the FAA can begin a transition to a state where there is progressively less direct involvement of the FAA in the compliance activities of the Applicant.”

Sobre Ethiopian Airlines

Ethiopian Airlines (Ethiopian) es la aerolínea más rentable y de más rápido crecimiento en África. En sus más de setenta años de operación, Ethiopian se ha convertido en uno de los principales operadores del continente africano, sin rival en eficiencia y éxito operativo. Ethiopian controla la mayor parte de la red panafricana de pasajeros y carga, operando la flota más moderna y joven y conectando con más de 119 destinos internacionales, tanto de pasajeros como carga, en los cinco continentes.

La flota de Ethiopian incluye aviones ultramodernos y respetuosos con el medio ambiente como el Airbus A350, el Boeing 787-8, Boeing 787-9, Boeing 777-300ER, Boeing 777-200LR, Boeing 777-200 carguero, el  Bombardier Q-400 de cabina doble, entre otros, con antigüedad media de cinco años. De hecho, Ethiopian es la primera aerolínea en África en poseer y operar estas naves.

Actualmente, Ethiopian está implementando un plan estratégico a 15 años llamado Vision 2025, que le convertirá en el grupo de aerolíneas líder en África, gracias a sus siete unidades de negocio estratégicas: Ethiopian International Services; Ethiopian Cargo & Logistics Services; Ethiopian MRO Services; Ethiopian Aviation Academy; Ethiopian ADD Hub Ground Services y Ethiopian AirportsServices. Ethiopian es una aerolínea premiada por varias entidades internacionales, que ha registrado un crecimiento de un 25% de media anual en los últimos siete años.

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